Table of Content

Open Access Opinion

On Objectivity in Prenatal Genetic Care

Received: 16 April 2018;  Published: 12 June 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1802022

Abstract

We address an ongoing controversy over what health-care providers tell prospective parents about Down Syndrome (DS). In the view of critics, including many parent, disability-rights, and anti-abortion activists, the messages that health-care professionals transmit to pregnant women and their partner [...]

468 2365

Open Access Technical Note

User-Friendly Approach to Gain Isolation of Interphase Cells for Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization

Received: 16 March 2018;  Published: 17 May 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1802021

Abstract

(1) Background: Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) may be performed on metaphase- and/or interphase cells. Metaphase cells can exclusively be obtained and studied after time consuming cell culture. Therefore suited cells derive from peripheral blood, bone marrow or fibroblasts, the latter inc [...]

417 1852

Open Access Review

Non-Coding RNAs in Cutaneous Melanoma Development, Progression and Dissemination

Received: 13 March 2018;  Published: 15 May 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1802020

Abstract

Melanoma is a highly aggressive skin cancer with high incidence worldwide. There are growing evidences that aberrantly expressed non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play a role in the development, progression and dissemination of melanoma tumor cells. Among the many types of ncRNAs, we will describe in this re [...]

394 2247

Open Access Concept Paper

German Guidelines for Molecular Genetic Diagnostic Testing Using High-throughput Technology, Such As Next-Generation Sequencing

Received: 24 September 2017;  Published: 28 April 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1802019

Abstract

We present, on behalf of the German Society of Human Genetics, guidelines for molecular genetic diagnostics with high throughput technology, for example using Next-Generation Sequencing. This work was put together by a group of experts and included public commenting of the members of the German Soci [...]

632 2469

Open Access Opinion

Moving Towards Routine Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT): Challenges Related to Women’s Autonomy

Received: 10 February 2018;  Published: 19 April 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1802018

Abstract

Women’s reproductive autonomy, and its translation into informed free choice regarding prenatal testing, is a dominant concept in the bioethical discourse concerning prenatal testing. This discourse is based on the premise that access to information regarding the pregnancy promotes autonomous decisi [...]

524 3174

Open Access Original Research

Identification and Prioritization of Causal Variants of Human Genetic Disorders from Exome or Whole Genome Sequencing Data

Received: 24 October 2017;  Published: 16 April 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1802017

Abstract

With genome sequencing entering the clinics as diagnostic tool to study genetic disorders, there is an increasing need for bioinformatics solutions that enable precise causal variant identification in a timely manner. Background: Workflows for the identification of candidate disease-causing variants [...]

462 2673

Open Access Review

Current Understanding of DNA Methylation and Age-related Disease

Received: 12 February 2018;  Published: 11 April 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1802016

Abstract

DNA methylation involves the covalent transfer of a methyl group to the C-5 position of the cytosine ring on a DNA strand which can affect gene transcription. DNA methylation is both heritable and modifiable. In recent years, epigenome-wide association studies using high-throughput technologies have [...]

624 4925

Open Access Original Research

Application of Clinical Next Generation Sequencing in Intensive Care Facilitates Rapid Diagnosis of Neonates with Rare Genetic Disorders

Received: 31 August 2017;  Published: 06 March 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1801015

Abstract

Background: Neonatal muscular hypotonia is a common clinical feature on neonatal intensive care units with a broad spectrum of etiologies. Besides more common and obvious underlying conditions like prematurity or Down syndrome many rare disorders with often poor prognosis need to be considered. Cong [...]

402 2120

Open Access Review

Next Generation Sequencing in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Received: 31 August 2017;  Published: 24 February 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1801014

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder is a clinically heterogeneous condition, characterized by social deficits, language impairment, repetitive behaviors, and restricted interest. Autism displays significant genetic heterogeneity. In the past one and a half decades, next generation sequencing has enabled identi [...]

444 2794

Open Access Opinion

Responsible Implementation of Expanded Screening Programs for Genetic Diseases at the Beginning of Life

Received: 13 July 2017;  Published: 11 February 2018;  doi: 10.21926/obm.genet.1801013

Abstract

Technology makes it possible to expand many of the current screening programs. In preconception screening for carrier status of recessive diseases, prenatal screening for aneuploidies and neonatal screening initially programs were targeting one or a few conditions. Tandem mass spectrometry and genom [...]

379 1845

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