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Urban Heat Island Effect
Submission Deadline: February 15, 2022 (Open) Submit Now
Anthony Brazel, PhD
Emeritus Professor, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA;
Senior Sustainability Scientist, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA;
Urban Climate Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-5302, USA
Research interests: Physical geography; climatology; urban systems; climate change and adaptation; atmospheric processes; climate change and adaptation impacts; microclimate; urban climate; climate ecosystem; urban heat island; urban environments; regional climate change; sustainability
About This Topic
The “Urban Heat Island Effect” is the tendency of urban areas to experience higher temperatures compared to their rural environs within the scales of the surface, canopy layer to the urban boundary layer. This phenomenon is mainly due to specific characteristics of the urban landscape, including building density, size and orientation, open space configuration, the use of heat absorbing construction materials, and anthropogenic emissions. Determining the factors that contribute to UHI spatio-temporal development and how to address, mitigate, and adapt to urban climate have gained special attention from the perspective of climatology, environmental sciences, engineering, material design, building design, energy fuels, medicine, urban planning, and urban design. There remain many gaps in our scientific knowledge and this special issue would especially encourage, but not restrict, submissions to: the urban effect on precipitation, observations made within the canopy and Mixed Layer of the urban boundary layer, approaches to consistent physically-based descriptions of urban landscapes, and analyses of especially rapidly growing cities such as in the tropics.
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